The Role of Scrap in the Green Transformation

© Bureau of International Recycling

© EU scrap exports 2022, (Source: Bureau of International Recycling, Brussels, Belgium)


© State-of-the-art technology, short distances: the innovative production facility for TSR40 at the Duisburg site is located in the immediate vicinity of the thyssenkrupp Steel plant


© A strategy to increase recycling rates


© Car2Car (Source: BMW / thinksteel 3_23)

© Source: Gramlich A. & Krupp, U. (2022). Green steel with a red problem - steel recycling in the context of the circular economy

© Comparison of current steel production with climate-friendly, recycling-based steel production. The increase in the accumulated copper content in recycled steel is referred to as the "red problem".


© Methods for decoppering steel scrap


© Comparison of the achievable copper concentration and the estimated relative energy and cost of copper separation processes. Published under the terms of the CC-BY licence Copyright 2017, American Chemical Society,